Cosmetic surgery is a procedure left to personal choice and done to improve an individual’s appearance or remove any signs of aging. Some of the body parts that individuals would want to improve include the breasts, ears, eyes, face, nose and stomach. Some of the Cosmetic surgery procedures include:
- Rhinoplasty – to change the shape of a person’s nose
- Otoplasty – to set an individual’s protruding ears or reduce the size of protruding ones
- Blepharoplasty – to remove or reshape puffy bags on underneath the eyes or adjust drooping eyelids
- Rhytidectomy – to remove creases, facial wrinkles and acne scars
- Tummy tuck – to flatten or reshape the abdomen
- Genioplasty – to augment the chin by use of silicone implants
- Cheek augmentation – to put implants on the cheek
- Buttock augmentation – to increase the size of a person’s buttocks using silicone implants
Rhinoplasty or nose surgery is a type of cosmetic surgery done to change the shape, appearance or function of the nose. The surgeon always considers what part of the nose you need to change and the skin features of your nose. You can decide to make your nose smaller or larger; alter the angle of your nose in relation to your upper lip; change your nose tip; correct bumps or any other defect on your nose. Some individuals have to undergo rhinoplasty in order to improve their breathing difficulties or change any defects incurred during childbirth.
As one of the major surgery procedures, a nose job has risks like infection, bleeding and an unfavorable reaction to anesthesia. You should discus with your surgeon on how any of the risks may apply to you. Other potential risks include:
a) Recurring nosebleeds
b) Uneven looking nose
c) Difficulty in breathing
d) Swelling, pain or the discoloring of the nose
f) Septum perforation
How To Prepare
Before you schedule for rhinoplasty, you must discuss with your doctor to determine whether the procedure is suitable for you. The formal discussion generally includes:
a) Your medical history
Your surgeon will definitely ask you about your goals and motivating factor for the surgery. The surgeon will also ask if you have had any previous surgeries, if you have any nasal obstruction problems and ask if you are on any other type of medication. People with bleeding disorders (hemophilia) may not be good candidates for the procedure.
b) A physical examination
Your surgeon may perform complete physical examinations that may include blood tests. He or she will inspect the outside and inside of your nose. Physical examinations aid the surgeon to ascertain the necessary changes required and how the strength of your cartilage and thickness of your skin may affect the outcome of the surgical procedure. Physical examination is important in determining the consequence of rhinoplasty procedure on your breathing.
At times, after careful physical examination, the surgeon might advice you to undergo chin augmentation instead of a nose job. This is because a small chin might give a mental representation of a larger nose causing one to think that he or she requires rhinoplasty procedure.
Your doctor or a professional photographer might take snaps of your nose at different angles. The surgeon then manipulates the photographs using computer software to show you the possible results. The snaps also have an important function during talks about your surgery goals.
d) Discussion on your motivations and expectations
You should always be open with your doctor on matters concerning your goals and desires for the surgery.
Before rhinoplasty procedure, you may need to:
i. Avoid certain medication
Two weeks prior to rhinoplasty, you should avoid medications that contain ibuprofen or aspirin. Such medication increase bleeding. You should only take drugs approved by your surgeon.
ii. Stop smoking
If you happen to be a smoker, stop smoking as smoking slows down the healing process and may get your wound infected.
iii. Arrange for the surgery day
You may have impaired judgment, slow reaction time and memory lapse during the first few days. This is due to the anesthesia used during surgery. Therefore, arrange for a friend or family member to take care of you as you recover from the surgery.
During The Procedure
You should discuss with your surgeon on the best anesthesia for you. The types of anesthesia include:
a) Local anesthesia with sedation
Surgeons use this particular kind of anesthesia on a specified body part and for outpatient settings. Your surgeon will inject the local anesthesia in the nasal tissues to make you confused and react in a slow manner but the anesthesia does not make you fall asleep.
b) General anesthesia
You get this drug through an IV line or by inhaling it. General anesthesia makes you unconscious for a while.
After The Procedure
You will have to rest with your head slightly raised above your chest to lower chances of bleeding and swelling. You may have a clogged up nose due to the splints inserted in your nose during surgery. The dressings usually stay in place for close to seven days. To reduce the chances of swelling and bleeding, you may have to:
- Avoid strenuous activities like jogging and aerobics
- Avoid blowing your nose
- Eat foods rich in fiber like vegetables and fruits to keep off constipation. Constipation might cause you to strain thus exerting pressure on the surgery site
- Avoid smiling and laughing a lot
- Do not wear clothing that must go over your head like sweaters and shirts
There are normally very small alterations to an individual’s nose structure. For further refinements, you might opt for a second surgery. Rhinoplasty surgeons in the UK recommend that you wait for at least one year before undergoing a second surgery.
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