A Brief History Of Rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty is a technical term for “nose job.” It is said to have been developed in India-by an Hindu surgeon called “Susrata” in 500 BCE. The surgeon used the flap of the skin from the-forehead, called “pedicle,” to make a new nose. This forehead reconstruction-method developed by Surgeon Susrata was later translated into-Arabic in 700s CE, and then later to English in 1700s. There are other various methods which were later developed in Italy by-Gaspare Tagliacozzi in 1500s which were also used-for rhinoplasty. In some parts-of the world, disfiguring the nose was a form of punishment or a consequence of war-wounds. Another reason for rhinoplasty “nose job” was syphilis. 1 of the major effects of this disease is collapsing of the nose. The forehead flap-method used by the Hindu surgeon was a rather popular treatment which was used to hide this ravages caused by the disease.
The Indian rhinoplasty-technique was re-discovered by Western-medicine in the 18th century. This was during the 3rd Anglo Mysore War (between the years 1789 and 1792) of colonial-annexation, by British against Tipu-Sultan, when East India Company-surgeons, that is, James Findlay and Thomas Cruso, witnessed the Indian rhinoplasty-procedures at the British-Residency in Poona, India.The surgeons later published the photographs of the rhinoplasty procedure in the English Madras Gazette and the nasal reconstruction outcomes. Later, in October of 1794 issue-of Gentleman’s Magazine-of London, both doctors James Findlay and Thomas Cruso published an illustrated-report which described a forehead pedicle flap-rhinoplasty which was a technical-variant of the free flap graft-technique which Sushruta had earlier described some 23 centuries ago.
Predating the Indian Sushruta-samhita medical-compendium is Ebers Papyrus (in the year 1550 BC). It is an Ancient Egyptian-medical papyrus which describes rhinoplasty procedure as the plastic surgical-operation for reconstructing the nose which has been destroyed by rhinectomy, this mutilation was as a result of a religious, a criminal, a political or a military-punishment in that culture and time. The Indian rhinoplastymtechnique continued in 19th century through Western European-medicine; in the Great Britain. Joseph Constantine-Carpue (between the years 1764 and 1846) published “The-Account of 2 Successful Operations-for Restoring a Lost-Nose” (in the year 1815). He described 2 rhinoplasty surgeries, that is, the reconstruction-of a battle wounded nose, and repair-of an arsenic damaged nose.
In Germany, the rhinoplastic technique was later refined by various surgeons, for example, the Berlin University professor-of surgery called Karl Ferdinand von-Gräfe (between the years 1787 and 1840), who published (Rebuilding the-Nose, in the year1818). He described 55 historical plastic-surgery procedures (including the Indian rhinoplasty and Italian rhinoplasty procedures, among others) and also his technically-innovative free graft nasal -reconstruction (using a tissue flap that has been harvested from a patient’s arm), and the surgical approaches to cleft lip, eyelid, and cleft-palate corrections.
Rhinoplasty was 1st used for cosmetic-purposes in the year 1898, when one surgeon constructed nose of a young-man whose nose had caused him a lot of embarrassment to the point that he could not to leave his house. Rhinoplasty later became common among many Hollywood actors, celebrities, singers and actresses in the 1930s. The alarming number-of people today who have rhinoplasty just to conform to the contemporary ideals has raised major concerns that most people feel forced-to adhere to a constructed-notion of beauty just to bolster their self esteem.